In his theory of evolution, Charles Darwin suggested that showy traits such as peacock feathers, which do not improve survival, must instead give a reproductive advantage for them to persist through natural selection.
But a new study suggests similar ostentatious displays in humans may actually be detrimental to finding lasting love.
In the 1939 film classic The Women, much is made of the alluring
As the saying goes, a woman's heart is like a needle at the bottom of the ocean. Women's delicate, sensitive and emotional nature makes men have a hard time trying to understand their other half. Here we give you a collection of reports about women and hope they give some inspiration to those who are trapped by the differences between Venus & Mars.
quality of a specific color of nail polish: “Jungle Red。” It turns out that the characters’ faith in the product was not misplaced。在1939年的经典影片《女人们》中，主角们常常说到一种特殊的指甲油颜色——“丛林红”特别具有诱惑力。科学证明，这些电影角色对这种指甲油色号的笃信并非没有根据。
US researchers have found that driving a flashy car, is a turn-off for both men and women who are looking for a life partner.
New research suggests the color red on a woman does indeed signal sexual availability—not only to men, but also to other women。现在科学研究指出，女性身上红色的装饰确实会向他人发送诱惑的信号——不仅向男性，也会向其他女性发送这种信号。
As we have noted previously, studies have found that men tend to view women in red as more sexually attractive. But, ladies, if you were thinking wearing that color would send a subliminal signal only males would pick up on, you’re out of luck。我们已经知道，研究发现，男性往往认为穿红衣的女性更具有吸引力。但是姑娘们，如果你以为穿红衣只会对男性发送微妙的信号，那你就错了。
>Women at peak of appeal at 31
Despite the hefty price-tag and pleasing aesthetics, both sexes when seeking a long-term relationship are unimpressed by extravagant vehicles, viewing their drivers as less reliable and more sexually promiscuous, according to the research.
“Our results suggest that women perceive and behave toward other women in red as if these other women are actively advertising” their openness to the possibility of a sexual encounter, writes a research team led by University of Rochester psychologist Adam Pazda. 罗彻斯特大学的心理学家亚当·帕扎达所带领的研究团队指出，“我们的研究成果表明，当某些女性穿着红衣的时候，其他女性就会认为她们正在积极地招蜂引蝶，她们对这些红衣女士的态度和交流方式都会有所不同。”
Pazda and his colleagues describe a experiment conducted on two different continents that provide evidence that wearing red sets off certain alarm bells. In the first, 196 women recruited online viewed a photo of “a moderately attractive women in her late 20s。”帕扎达的团队在两块不同的大陆上进行了三项实验，这些实验的结果证实，穿红衣的女性会发出警示信号。在第一项实验中，科学家们请196名参与实验的女性观看一张“具有现代美的二十八九岁的女性”照片。
Women are most attractive at the age of 31, according to a British survey. While the average British woman of 31 may be married with a child, the survey noted they are at a prime age because they have youthful beauty but also more confidence and a better sense of style than fresh-faced teenagers. Some 70% of more than 2,000 men and women polled cited confidence as a key factor in making a woman attractive, ahead of the 67% who included physical beauty。
In fact, the study suggest that people who are seeking marriage should ditch the sports car and instead choose something sensible.
Half saw an image of her wearing a white dress; the rest viewed an otherwise identical image of her in a red dress. Afterwards, all responded on a sliding scale to a series of statements such as “This person is sexy。”一半的实验参与者看到的照片上姑娘穿着白衣；另一半的实验参与者看到的照片上姑娘穿着红衣。实验结果是，所有的参与者都认为“这个人很性感”，但是性感的程度却有明显的高低之分。
As expected, the woman was seen as more sexy if she was wearing red. This held true whether or not the study participants were in a committed relationship。如科学家们所料想的，穿红衣的姑娘被认为更加性感。无论实验参与者是否单身，他们的观点都是这样的。
>Ideal: 0.7 waist-to-hip ratio
It follows recent research which found that women believed Porsche Boxster owners were less likely to want a committed relationship than Honda Civic drivers.
The researchers caution that, needless to say, “not all women displaying red are actively advertising sexual availability。” For those who are not, it’s valuable to understand the ways their wardrobe choices are being interpreted—both by men, and by their female acquaintances。研究者们提醒道，“并不是所有女性在穿红衣的时候都在故意显露性感。”——这一点毋庸置疑。对那些无意穿红色衣服的姑娘们，你们有必要知道：你衣着的颜色不仅会向男性、也会向女性同胞们发送某种信息。
A woman's attractiveness relates to the size of her waist compared with her hips, according to New Zealand anthropologist Barnaby Dixson. He has discovered that a waist-to-hip ratio of 0.7 - or a waist measurement exactly 70% of the hip circumference - makes for the perfect figure. Examples include some of the world's most beautiful women. Marilyn Monroe(See Photo)， modern-day starlet Jessica Alba and Victoria's Secret model Alessandra Ambrosio all possess the perfect figure。
“This contrasts with the notion that men’s conspicuous resource displays are attractive to women because they reliably signal expected future resource investment in partners and especially in offspring,” said study author Dr Jessica Kruger, of the University of Buffalo.
教育资讯，>Women better at multitasking
Compared to women, men have a greater tendency to conspicuously display their wealth. But a woman’s preference for such displays reflects the type of partnership she is seeking.
There is an age-old complaint that men are incapable of doing more than one thing at once. Now, psychologists have proven that men really are worse at multitasking than the fairer sex. They found that when women and men work on a number of simple tasks – such as searching for a key or doing easy math problems – at the same time, women significantly outperformed men. Researchers believe the results show that females are better able than men to reflect upon a problem, while continuing to juggle their other commitments。
For example physical qualities are more important when she has a brief fling in mind, while a man’s wealth is more influential when she is deciding on a suitable life partner who can provide for her children.
>Women more likely to donate
In the new research, the psychologists aimed to find out how men’s display of wealth is interpreted by others. Researchers at the universities of Buffalo and Michigan in the US asked 233 people of both sexes to state their preferences in two different scenarios.
Women are more generous than men when it comes to charitable donations, a study suggests. In all income groups, women are more likely to give, and in 4 of 5 groups, they give more than men do – sometimes twice as much, according to the study by the Women's Philanthropy Institute at Indiana University's Center on Philanthropy in the US. "Women have just been socialized as the care-givers in their families to be more empathetic and altruistic," says one of the researchers. "I think this is being manifested in giving to charity."
They first read through the description of two men who were buying cars for around ?20,000 and then rated them on perceived parenting skills, dating, interest in relationships and attractiveness.
In the first scenario ‘Frugal Dan’ bought a new car based on efficiency and reliability, which comes under warranty for the first few years. In contrast ‘Flashy Dave’ bought a used car and spent money on new paint, bigger wheels and more powerful sound system.
>'Sorry' is healthy
The results showed that on a scale of how attractive the men were for a long term relationship, Flashy Dave was only rated as 43 points out of 80, while Frugal Dan received 67 points.
Sorry may be the hardest word – but scientists claim it could be one of the healthiest since it may help women live longer. Researchers have discovered that women who receive an apology for hurtful behavior suffer less stress and potential damage to their heart than those who don't. They also claim that the pulse of a wronged woman returns to normal 20% quicker after a well-timed "sorry" than without it。
The researchers concluded that when a man throws money around on fancy cars, people intuitively interpret it to mean he is more interested in a short-term dalliance than a romantic commitment.
>Older men more attractive
“Participants demonstrated an intuitive understanding that men investing in the display of goods featuring exaggerated sensory properties have reproductive strategies with higher mating effort and greater interest in short-term sexual relationships, as well as lower paternal investment and interest in long-term committed romantic relationships than men investing in practical considerations,” said Dr Daniel Kruger, of the University of Michigan.
Older men stay attractive to women for at least a decade longer than they used to, a study has shown. A greater emphasis on dressing well and keeping fit has dramatically improved the physical attractiveness of older men, according to the findings. The trend towards women marrying and having children later in life has also extended the period for which a bachelor is considered eligible. Many women reported finding the greater financial security of older men reassuring because it represents a better life for their children。
The authors, who are married came up with the idea for the study while driving in their car.
>Men's household work ignored?
“We lived in a historic district in an inner-city area, and there was a store nearby that sold enormous car wheels and had them hanging in the window,” he added.
Men do far more housework than they are given credit for, according to research that claims women do not notice because their male partners "don't make a fuss". Men said they spent 13 hours a week on household chores including cleaning the lavatory, taking out the rubbish and changing the bed linen. But 60% of the 1,000 men questioned said their efforts were unnoticed by the woman in their lives because they did not like to mention it。
“That was our inspiration for this study.”
>Hairy chest affects virility
The research was published in?Evolutionary Psychological Science.
Men with hairy chests are less attractive to young women, a study at Turku University of Finland has found. Hairy men are more likely to have higher levels of the female hormone estrogen, which makes them more reliable, but in theory it could reduce their female partner's chances of becoming pregnant. But post-menopausal women prefer their men hairy。
>4 hinting styles women use
Experts have identified 4 hinting styles that women use to try to ensure their favored present is placed under the Christmas tree, which may save men a lot of stress of finding the perfect gift for their partner. Most women (56%) were found to be "pepper-hinters", who pepper conversation with mentions of preferred gifts, or "present pointers", who point out presents while shopping. Next comes women who use family and friends to drop verbal hints. Other women "accidentally" leave Christmas lists lying around. The problem is men are oblivious to the signals – 4 out of 5 miss the hints。
>Male modesty not appreciated
A research published in the journal "Psychology of Men and Masculinity" shows that "modest" males are less liked by women than "dominant males." Modesty is viewed as a sign of weakness, a low-status character trait for males that could affect their employability or earnings potential. Modesty in women, however, was not viewed negatively。